Turkish coffee & delights & Rakı


From the days of the Ottoman Empire through the present, coffee has played an important role in Turkish lifestyle and culture. The serving and consumption of coffee has had a profound effect on betrothal and gender customs, political and social interaction, prayer, and hospitality customs throughout the centuries. Although many of the rituals are not prevalent in today’s society, coffee has remained an integral part of Turkish culture.

World-famous Turkish coffee (Türk kahvesi) is made by pulverizing freshly-roasted medium-roast beans in a mortar and pestle, or grinding them very fine in a cylindrical brass coffee mill (kahve değirmeni).

Here’s how to order Türk kahvesi when you’re in Turkey:

Sade – plain, no sugar (fairly bitter)

Az şekerli – with a little sugar (takes off the bitter edge; less than a teaspoon per cup)

Orta şekerli – with medium sugar (sweetish; about a teaspoon of sugar for each cup)

Çok şekerli – with lots of sugar (quite sweet; two teaspoons of sugar or more)

To drink one cup of coffee together guarantees forty years of friendship


Turkish Delight (Lokum) is a confection that in the West is frequently manufactured from starch and sugar, but which in the Middle East takes a variety of forms more subtle, including premium varieties made almost solely of chopped dates, pistachios and hazelnuts or walnuts. Western varieties have a soft, jelly-like consistency, and are often flavored with rosewater, mastic or lemon; rosewater gives it a characteristic pale pink color. The confection is often packaged and eaten in small cubes dusted with icing sugar, copra, or powdered cream of Tartar to prevent clinging. Other common types include flavors such as cinnamon or mint.


Rakı is clear brandy made from grapes and raisins, flavored with pungent anise. Most is quite potent (80- to 100-proof/40% to 50% alcohol) and thus usually diluted with water and sipped with snacks or meals.

It’s similar to Greek ouzo and French pastis.

When mixed with ice and/or water for drinking, it turnsmilky white. Because of its color and hefty alcoholic punch, Turks call it lion’s milk (aslan sütü).



THE MUSEUM OF ANATOLIAN CIVILIZATIONS is located near the gate of the castle. The museum contains priceless work of arts belonging to the Palaeolithic and Neolithic eras as well as the Hattie, Hittite, Phrygian, Urartu and Roman civilizations.

<Click on the picture to see more photos – slideshow>

The Museum of Anatolian Civilizations won the “European Museum of the Year” award among 65 museums from 21European countries in 1997.

Museum Phone: (+90 312) 324 31 60 / 312 62 48.
Opening hours: 08.30 – 17.30 – closed on Mondays(!).

Useful information:

Erasmus students in Turkey could buy in the museum special card – “MUZE Kart” and use it in all country. For students it cost just 10 YTL.


Traveling around Turkey

From Ankara, everday, almost every hours you may find busses to all around to Turkey. You will go from AŞTİ. In Kizilay and at some other places you may find bus companies offices.

From A.Ş.T.İ  (Ankara Şehirler Arası terminal İşletmesi) you could go almost everywhere. The most popular direction is for example to Istanbul. The companies offers you prices between 25-30 YTL. Ankara is about 6 hours drive from Istanbul, depending on the traffic. There is an excellent toll freeway, the otoban, the whole way between the cities. It is not expensive to use and makes the drive faster and easier since it is a 1st-class highway by any world standard.

You could also go abroad. The popular way to go for foreigners is Syria (Aleppo – about 40-45 YTL) or Bulgaria (Sofia).

We recomend to use METRO Company, especially for a students, who want to travel and pay not so expensive for the tickets.



Atakule is modern side of the appearance of today’s Ankara. The 125-metre tower stands 118.2 metres above the ground, and the 600 sq. metre multi-purpose cocktail bar at the top of the tower. This bar is mainly used for weddings, seminars and conferences. The revolving restaurant (111.8m) makes one full revolution every hour. The lookout terrace at 104m is open everyday from 09.30 to 23:00, and there is a café/bar at 100m. Here offers a spectacular view of the entire city.

Atakule Tower is high communications and observation tower located in the Çankaya district of central Ankara, Turkey, built in 1989. The top section of the tower houses an open terrace and a revolving restaurant, “Sevilla”.

  • Address: Under Atakule/Cankaya
  • Directions: At Cankaya district near British Embassy and kiosk of the State president
  • Website: www.atakule.com
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    Ankara Castle

    Ankara Castle has guarded the city for centuries, given that its history is as old as the city itself. Therefore, it is now a symbol of Ankara and its history. The construction year is not definite, however it is believed that it was built during the period of Roman Empire, then repaired and expanded by Selcuks.

    <Click on the picture to see more photos – slideshow>

    The Castle has two parts, an inner and an outer castle, with over 20 towers. The outer castle encloses the old city within its heart-shaped walls. The four-level inner castle is made partly of Ankara stone and partly of stones gathered from other structures. The two large gates of the inner castle are called the Outer Gate and the Castle Gate. The towers within the castle vary between 14-16 metres in height. Today within the castle walls there are a number of Ottoman-style houses dating as far back as the 17th century.


    Residence Permit

    All international students in Turkey, regardless of status, must register with, and obtain, a Residence Permit (ikamet tezkeresi) from the Bureau of Foreign Residence Registration (Yabancılar Burosu) within one month of entering Turkey. You can be required at any time to show your Residence Permit.

    To apply for Ikamet (Residence Permit) you will need:
    – “Petition”, “Certicate of education” and “Scholarship document” provided by your University
    – Application form – will be filled at the Directorate
    – Passports photocopy of the page with photo
    – Passport photocopy of the page that has last entry stamp on
    – 5 passport size photos
    – 135 YTL fee

    Then you will be given a receipt indicating the date you can pick up your passport and residence permit booklet. It usually takes 2-3 days. You are the only one who can pick up the documents. Usually exchange students are assisted by the Office Coordinator when applying for Ikamet.

    Bureau of Foreign Residence Registration is on Mevlana Blv, next to PTT:


    EGO card

    EGO is a card which you need for a metro or buses in Ankara.

    To get an EGO card, you can go into the Metro stations or look for an EGO advertisement outside convenience stores. The EGO card works for buses and the metro. Remember to show a student card if you can, or merely say “ogrenci” so that your fare is only 1.10TL instead of 1.85TL. You can also buy EGO cards at small stands on the street that sell cigarettes and snacks, they will have a sign advertising it.

    If you use the bus or metro with your EGO card, you have 45 minutes to change to a new bus or metro without having to pay again. You will still have to put your card in, but it will not charge you a second time.


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